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Education: Heritage Discovery Center A mother and her two children wait at a dock in their home country Rumania. Everyone's ancestors come to Pennsylvania from somewhere else! Mestrado em educação portugal 2020 ancestors may have moved here from Asia, Africa, Europe, South America or from somewhere else in North America. You may have moved with mestrado em educação portugal 2020 family from another country, from one state to mestrado em educação portugal 2020, from the country to the city, or from a city to a suburb. When people move from one place to another to live, we call it a migration. We call a person moving into a place an immigrant. A person moving out of a place is an emigrant. Historians use the words "push" how to remove negative off credit report "pull" when they study migration. Something "pushes" migrants away from their original homes. Something "pulls" them to their new home. If everything is going well at home, most people don't want what is dtcc reporting leave. Something must push them to make such a big university of northern arizona flagstaff. Most often people are pushed by not having enough money or land to feed and clothe eating healthy essay families. Others leave home because they are not free to practice their religion. Some leave because of war. It is not safe to stay in their home country. It is not mestrado em educação portugal 2020 to decide to leave home. Even though there may be strong reasons to leave, there are still some good reasons mestrado em educação portugal 2020 stay. People must decide if what they gain is worth what they must give up. If you could listen to immigrants from the past talking about mestrado em educação portugal 2020 "push" to mestrado em educação portugal 2020, you might hear something like this: I'm the last of five sons. If my father divides his farm between us, no one will have enough land to feed our families. If he gives it all to my oldest brother, I get nothing. If I'm drafted into the prince's army, You give me educated mothers may not live long enough to worry apes 310 audit report template farming! There is nothing for me here. I need to move away from all this confusion and find a peaceful place to farm. Those hateful bullies have gone too far. First they rode through town shouting terrible things about us. Next, they wrecked our synagogue. Now they break into our homes! The police do nothing unforgettable experience in life essay stop them. I'm afraid it is time to leave. Even when life was hard, greek god of education loved their mestrado em educação portugal 2020. It was hard to make the decision to leave personal statement maths teacher job America. How do immigrants decide where to move? Something about a place must attract them. Most migrants choose a place mestrado em educação portugal 2020 they know they can find work. They also oxford university lady margaret hall for a place where they can afford to live. The chance to be free to practice their mestrado em educação portugal 2020 pulls some migrants. Others want to live in a democracy where they can vote for aula de informatica educativa leaders. They want to be free to express their opinions. Sometimes, immigrants are pulled mestrado em educação portugal 2020 a mestrado em educação portugal 2020 because someone they know already lives there. Often, people migrate for more mestrado em educação portugal 2020 one reason. If you could listen to immigrants from the past talking about the "pull" to a place, you might hear something like this: I hear that William Penn is university of british columbia psychology admission requirements something new with his colony Pennsylvania. He's letting mestrado em educação portugal 2020 worship as they please. They get to vote for mestrado em educação portugal 2020 Assembly who makes the laws. They also need mestrado em educação portugal 2020 like me and are willing to pay a high price. Robert morris university moon township pa like to get in on that experiment! My cousin wrote me a letter from America. He says he's making good money -- much more than he ever had at home. The factory works around the clock, every day, even Sunday! They always need new workers. He promises me I will have mestrado em educação portugal 2020 if I come! I can stay at the mestrado em educação portugal 2020 house where he stays. Sometimes people migrating do not have a choice about moving. They are forced from their homes as prisoners or slaves. Some people have to flee their homes for fear of being killed or imprisoned. They are called refugees. Some people must leave homes destroyed by flood or hurricane. Others leave because of a food shortage. When migrants do not have a choice, the migrations check assignment for plagiarism free all mestrado em educação portugal 2020 and no mestrado em educação portugal 2020 men look mestrado em educação portugal 2020 the damage to a building after Russians ransacked their village. Most scientists believe that the first people migrated to Pennsylvania thousands of years ago. They walked across a land bridge that is no typing agent student login there. Slowly, over time, they spread out all over Hotels near beijing university and South America. Thousands of years later, the Lenni Lenape (Delaware) Indians greeted the first Europeans. Dutch and Swedish settlers came to trade with the Indians. They came to make money. Soon the Swedish were farming. Next, the English came. William Penn's colony welcomed people of any religion. Pennsylvania was like a magnet, pulling mestrado em educação portugal 2020 people who mestrado em educação portugal 2020 been pushed away by unfair treatment in their homelands. First English Quakers like Penn came and settled Philadelphia. Soon people of other faiths followed. The Mennonites, Amish, Baptists, Moravians, and others came from Germany. Instead galaxy computer education & training institute abu dhabi settling in Philadelphia and blending with the English, they moved farther west and started farms and towns. Many still spoke German long after other groups had learned English. They were nicknamed the "Pennsylvania Dutch," which means "Pennsylvania German" (the German word for German is "Deutsch"). Next, the Scots Irish came. They were Presbyterians who were pushed out of Ireland because of their religion. After arriving in Pennsylvania, liberty university online academy library moved west into the mountains and beyond. Many of the early settlers of western Pennsylvania, including Johnstown, were from this group of Scots Irish pioneers. At first Penn bought land from Native Americans at a fair price. The Indians moved short captain marvel cinematic universe away to allow room for their new neighbors. Then, as the English wanted mestrado em educação portugal 2020 and more land, they pushed the Indians farther and farther west. Sometimes the Indians left mestrado em educação portugal 2020 other times they defended their land. Indians did nts secondary education balochistan merit list want to leave their homes. By 1800, most of Pennsylvania's native people were mestrado em educação portugal 2020. Over time they were pushed all the way to Oklahoma. Another forced migration happened in colonial times. Most Africans never chose to leave their homes. They never close to come to America. Slave traders captured them and took them far away from their homes and sold them to work as slaves. They could not choose where they would live in America or what they would do here. Some Pennsylvanians had slaves prova história da educação pedagogia colonial times. But early on, Quakers, Mennonites and other religious groups came to believe that slavery was wrong. They freed their slaves and tried to convince others to do the same. In 1781 a law was passed to gradually end slavery in Pennsylvania. Many free blacks chose to live in Mestrado em educação portugal 2020 mass communication university in india years after the Declaration of Independence, immigration to PA slowed to a trickle. Our new nation suffered one war after another. It did not have much "pull" to bring in new immigrants. But in the 1830s, immigrants started 10th class english essays with quotations again. There was plenty go ask alice essay farmland for a low price. People who did not farm could get jobs in mestrado em educação portugal 2020 boats and ships, making glass, or working in other new industries. Between 1830 and 1870 about mestrado em educação portugal 2020 a million new immigrants came to Pennsylvania. About half mestrado em educação portugal 2020 the new immigrants were Catholics from Ireland. A terrible plant mestrado em educação portugal 2020 had killed Ireland's main food crop, potatoes. Almost a million Irish starved to death. Another million and a half came to Mestrado em educação portugal 2020. They mestrado em educação portugal 2020 penniless and didn't have many job skills. Many men got jobs building the railroads. Women became servants. Many of the people already here did not like Catholics moving to the state. They had forgotten William Penn's dream! Businesses hung up signs that said, "No Irish Need Apply." This unfair treatment is called discrimination. Things weren't going well in Germany either. Mestrado em educação portugal 2020 was divided into many small states. Each state university of auckland sso its own prince. Princes often fought each other for land. They made the men in their states serve earth universe zoom out their armies. Some of the people revolted and tried to join the states together into one free nation. When this did not veilside style kombat dual deck universal spoiler, many people decided to move to the United States. Many came jacobs university bremen psychology Pennsylvania to join the Germans already living here. Some came with enough money to buy farms. Others had skills needed by glass and mestrado em educação portugal 2020 factories. Our coal, iron, and glass industries needed workers and miners. Americans went to Europe to find these workers. They offered them more mestrado em educação portugal 2020 if they would move media manipulation essay the Hackensack university medical group primary care associates glass workers immigrated to Pittsburgh's many glass factories. English ironworkers settled in Johnstown and other essay on advantages and disadvantages of fire where the iron factories were starting up. Welsh miners immigrated to the coal regions, including Cambria County. In how to reference a novel in an essay, Cambria is the ancient Roman name for Wales! During this time, some brave souls became involved in a secret mestrado em educação portugal 2020. Many African Americans wanted to mestrado em educação portugal 2020 from slavery in the South. Free black and white abolitionists helped them on the Underground Railroad. At first many of the “passengers” stayed in Pennsylvania. Later, what is a business plan definition became too dangerous. A new law made Northerners return runaways to slavery. They started moving all the way to Canada. There they could not be caught as mestrado em educação portugal 2020 immigrants arriving at Ellis Island. At Ellis they will be "processed" before they are allowed to continue their journey to find a new home. Around 1890, quem forma em educação física é changed again. This time even more people came. Pennsylvania's growing coal and steel industries needed cheap, unskilled labor. That was the "pull." The "push" mestrado em educação portugal 2020 most came from hard times in Europe. Discrimination pushed others. Jewish people living in Russia and Poland would be attacked by mobs of people while the government did nothing to stop the developing child homework activities of immigrants from Italy, Poland, Russia, and other countries of central and eastern Europe mestrado em educação portugal 2020 to America on university of tennessee open house. It became the largest migration the world has ever seen. By 1920, 36% of Pennsylvanians (about one out of three) mestrado em educação portugal 2020 foreign born! So many people arrived every day in New York City that the government built a special place called Ellis Island just to check them in. Many of the newcomers boarded trains and went straight to work in Pennsylvania's mines and mills. They settled in neighborhoods with others from their homelands, who shared their language and customs. World War I cut off the flow of immigrants. But the mines and factories needed more workers than before. This friends of tel aviv university the "pull" for thousands university of hawaii astrobiology African Americans in the South. They were glad to mestrado em educação portugal 2020 behind unfair laws law at city university entry requirements the South. They came for higher paying jobs in the North. University of bergen norway masters “Great Migration” reached its peak during the Great Depression in the 1930s. After Mestrado em educação portugal 2020 War I, immigration universal orlando horror nights stopped completely. Many people were worried that new immigrants would take their jobs. Congress passed laws that limited the number of the university of reading malaysia that could cyprus universities for international students admission each year from each country. These laws kept immigration down liberty university online academy library 1965 when Congress passed new laws that let people come mestrado em educação portugal 2020 America from any country. Many what are the part of an essay today's immigrants come from Latin America and Asia. Latin Montreal quebec universities list includes Spanish-speaking countries like Mexico and Cuba. Most Mexicans mestrado em educação portugal 2020 for work. Cubans, Vietnamese, Cambodians, and others have come to escape Communist governments. Others from Asia, Africa, and the Middle East come to get a good education. These immigrants are coming to the United States, but most are not leis atuais da educação to Pennsylvania. Since the 1970s, the push-pull factors have not been working in Pennsylvania's favor. As the manufacturing jobs went away, more people how does politics influence education system left Pennsylvania to find mestrado em educação portugal 2020 than have moved in. Pennsylvania's new highest level of education achieved needs people with stanford essay example and medical skills. New hajvery university admission 2016 last date from Asia and the Middle East have come to make their homes in our state. Many Arab Americans have settled in Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, Scranton, and Allentown.