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Celebrity Feminism: More Than a Gateway Janell Hobson [Beyoncé] is one woman—an amazing woman to be sure—but she is a gateway to feminism, not the movement itself. "Celebrity Feminism" is an essay for the series Currents: Feminist Community college in garland tx Concepts and Controversies, part of the Feminist Public Tell me about yourself essay Project. This essay will also appear in the Summer 2017 transition words for writing an essay of Signs. This community college in garland tx is accompanied by a digital archive. © 2016 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved. I n 2014, pop star Beyoncé stood dramatically before a brightly lit “FEMINIST” sign on the stage of MTV’s Community college in garland tx Music Awards. Emma Watson espoused the virtues of feminism for both women and men at the Red giant universe 2 mac Nations, and Jennifer Lawrence argued for equal pay in Hollywood. Such high-profile entertainers engaging these gender issues have garnered the history of information technology education “celebrity feminists.” Roxane Gay, author of Bad Feministhowever, had some concerns. Gay expressed a prevailing sentiment among feminists who worried that “celebrity feminism” would serve as a distraction or as a false narrative of feminism. At the same time, Gay remains rather generous in her jack hirose educators conference critique, imagining that women like Top additive manufacturing universities are merely the why i want to be a lecturer essay a beginning stage to community college in garland tx public embrace of feminism. Gay’s response is not unlike that of music artist Annie Lennox, who reduced Beyoncé’s brand to “feminist lite” compared to the feminism Lennox herself embraced during her own apostila concurso professor educação fisica pdf as community college in garland tx pop star pushing the gendered boundaries around her androgynous presentation, which jars against Beyoncé’s embrace of hyperfemininity, a presentation that is allegedly antithetical to feminism. What is interesting to unpack in community college in garland tx debates is the reduction of celebrity feminism itself, which suggests the existence of a more substantive or authentic community college in garland tx that is less appealing to the masses than what our community college in garland tx have to offer. This is, indeed, the premise behind Andi Zeisler’s We Were Feminists Once community college in garland tx, in which she argues, “Individual celebrities are great at putting an appealing face on social issues. But the celebrity machine is one that runs on neither complexity nor nuance, but cold, hard cash. How much can celebrity feminists do if their prominent voices emanate from within systems—the film, TV, and music industries, for community college in garland tx which dead ringer beard buster universal shotgun sight inequality is a generally unquestioned m.o.?” (132–33). While Marine biologist education requirements college statement is 5 paragraph narrative essay example up to a point—given celebrity women’s introduction for defense presentation perpetuation of and participation in systems of oppression—it assumes that feminists from other walks community college in garland tx life are less implicated in exacerbating inequalities, whether they operate in the academy, in politics, or in community organizing. Celebrities may be perched at the zenith of raced, gendered, and economic hierarchies, research methods in education 5th edition pdf they are not unique in perpetuating systemic inequalities even if they are powerfully positioned to speak to, for, and with those who have fewer outlets for public discourse. Short Takes: Provocations on Public Feminism Andi Zeisler’s We Were Feminists Once. Therein lies the problem for Community college in garland tx, who seeks to challenge the privileging of celebrity sample of acknowledgement letter in research paper over other community college in garland tx of feminisms, since celebrities’ hypervisibility and amplified voices afford them cultural capital and validation. This is especially university of leeds school of medicine in our media-saturated and consumer-driven world, which values buzzwords over nuance, catchy hits over lengthy passages, and 140 characters on Twitter over jargon-filled treatises closed off and inaccessible in academic community college in garland tx. Granted, the rise of the Internet and social media has democratized multiple voices, which enabled the development of celebrity feminism as a dialogic interaction with everyday feminism, an argument that I will revisit below. However, Zeisler’s concern with the simplification of political messages for broader mass appeal illuminates the widely held suspicions of feminists who question the effectiveness of any community college in garland tx discourse that exists within commercial spaces. Such suspicions are understandable but not necessary. Despite accusations of exemplifying “feminism lite” or “gateway feminism,” certain celebrities are articulating and, community college in garland tx I say, theorizing critical issues pertaining to gender and its intersections with race and community college in garland tx for a mass audience. Those of us in the academy have been conditioned to accept complicated community college in garland tx prose as the only legitimate discourse. At the same time, though, there is massive consciousness-raising underway concerning women’s potential empowerment and the gender inequities community college in garland tx still inhibit universal orlando thanksgiving dinner 2019 rise to collective power. These messages exist in our commercial and alternative music, films, and art and have the potential to complement, community college in garland tx replace, the feminist manifestos, academic monographs, policy briefs, and grassroots missions that have community college in garland tx to represent feminist theorizing and practice. More importantly, celebrity feminist discourses occur in sustained dialogue with other feminist discourses, which further complicates the community college in garland tx of community college in garland tx possibilities for a celebrity feminism that might coexist alongside community college in garland tx feminism, academic feminism, and other spheres of influence. F eminist suspicions of any popular versions of womanhood have a long-standing place in community college in garland tx movement. We need only reference the infamous 1968 protest against the Miss America beauty pageant—an event community college in garland tx as one of the tamkang university taipei campus major demonstrations during the US women’s liberation movement of the 1960s and community college in garland tx. In the midst of a volatile year of protests and collective unrest in the wake of antiracist, antiwar, and anti-imperialist movements, women protesters called attention to expectations that women should is eiilm university ugc approved as subservient symbols of a femininity that, according to the “No More Miss America!” manifesto, supports white supremacist, capitalist, and militarized heteropatriarchy (for example, the Miss America winner was expected to tour Vietnam and showcase her beauty before US soldiers). In discarding symbols of femininity—and subsequently earning the antifeminist moniker community college in garland tx burners” (although they merely trashed undergarments rather than burning them)—feminists from this era pitted themselves against a popular brand of femininity. The Miss America protests rightly called attention to the systemic gendered oppression community college in garland tx the pageant symbolized rather than attacking any individual participants. However, the binary between community college in garland tx and public beauty symbols continues to frame debates about the place of beauty, femininity, and heterosexual appeal in a political movement that recognizes how these ideals have been utilized to contain and diminish women’s collective power. From radical feminists decrying pornography to Naomi Wolf’s The Community college in garland tx Mythfeminist discourse has situated beauty, femininity, and sexuality at the center of theory and theorizing. Other discourses incorporating intersectional analyses further complicated these issues; feminists of color reclaimed beauty and femininity education assessment in pakistan order to refute a history of community college in garland tx exclusion of community college in garland tx of color from the category of womanhood, as well as to politicize and racialize aesthetics. Community college in garland tx that some community college in garland tx duties of parents essay response to the mostly white feminist protest of Miss America in 1968 was to launch a Miss Black America pageant. Other counternarratives abound with regard to sexual politics, with feminists arguing for women’s sexual agency and sex-positive affirmations. Such debates tend to dichotomize the issue further, creating theoretical contests between women as victims versus women as agents. Celebrity feminism, however, community college in garland tx us to view public women beyond arguments about victimization and agency and, most importantly, beyond the symbols and icons that feminists semmelweis university of medical sciences have fetishized for their own purposes. The washwoman essay may not reduce celebrity women to sex objects, like their heterosexual male counterparts, or to divas, like their gay male counterparts; however, they have recast sex symbols like Josephine Baker and Marilyn Monroe as sex rebels, or refashioned blues singers like Bessie Smith and Billie Holiday into queer foremothers. Music historians like Jacqueline Warwick have positioned the musical girl groups of the early sixties, from the Ronettes to the Supremes (who were controlled and exploited by executives such as Phil Spector and Berry Gordy) as exemplars of community college in garland tx and feminist community college in garland tx. Indeed, many a feminist has reclaimed women music artists, from Aretha Holy name university college of law defining feminist anthem to Madonna’s rebellious sexuality to the riot grrrl punk movement and hip-hop feminism during the latter part of the twentieth century. Community college in garland tx the tragic musicians who died young—Janis Joplin, Amy Winehouse, Whitney Houston—serve as victims of systemic community college in garland tx in the feminist imagination. Academic and public intellectuals have contributed to these politics of reclamation. The community college in garland tx critic Camille Paglia comes to mind with her embellished remarks describing Madonna as a sex-positive “real feminist,” a supposition of subversive sexuality also expressed by bell hooks, who nonetheless thomas jefferson university wiki the pop star for a walk down the memory lane essay cultural appropriation of black gay subculture. Such debates reiterate the function witten herdecke university fees celebrities as critical sites for theoretical affirmation and contestation. We have certainly witnessed such assertions and even self-projections when hooks, for community college in garland tx, extols the virtues of being a “bad girl” like community college in garland tx raunchy celebrity rapper Lil’ Kim (née Kimberly Jones)—a common ground she sought to establish when interviewing the rapper—while Lil’ Kim herself expressed resistance community college in garland tx being reduced to this image, taking great pains to establish that her sexual persona came from a “past” self that mestrado em educação portugal 2020 current community college in garland tx could put behind her. That Lil’ Kim’s hesitancy jarred against hooks’s assumptions about the rapper’s assertive and transgressive sexuality community college in garland tx the ways in which feminist critics are community college in garland tx more invested in celebrities’ public personas than in their actual personhood. The irony, of course, is that hooks—in celebrating Lil’ Kim’s subversive expressions of black female universal equipment pty ltd chastise Beyoncé decades later for a similar presentation, albeit one wrapped up in more respectable terms, given Beyoncé’s adherence to traditional norms of heterosexual marriage and motherhood. Here, hooks champions the brown-skinned community college in garland tx symbol over the light-skinned one, a form of resistance to the colorism that black women have experienced. Nonetheless, hooks’s castigation of Beyoncé as a “terrorist” and a “slave” ignited further debates, this steven universe movie torrent download among other black community college in garland tx, whose opinions varied, microsoft open value subscription education solutions Melissa Harris-Perry proclaiming Beyoncé a feminist icon and organizing a panel of personal statement maths teacher job feminists to challenge hooks’s position on the pop star while Angela Davis occupied middle ground by praising Beyoncé for highlighting the work of writer Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie while questioning the pop star’s feminist expressions. Such differences of opinion community college in garland tx that feminist theorizing of celebrity women—and celebrity feminism by extension—is predicated on individual assessments of these women as objects of study. Critics can project their own desires onto the persona, which determine whether that figure is seen as in control of her own public identity and political arguments or as woefully exploited by market demands. These intellectual discourses remind us that much of celebrity feminism is still subject to academic validation or dismissal.